Long-term evolution of the Sun and basics of the Sun – Earth  coupling     

 Basics of the solar activity and solar dynamo modeling 

 Sunspots and solar magnetic field, grand solar maxima and minima 

 Seasonal and decadal changes of geomagnetic activity

 Geomagnetic observations and field work 

 Real-time space weather analysis 


To be aware of the basics of space climate, and to understands how the solar activity changes over the decades and centuries. 

 To understands how the Sun affect to the near-Earth space and infrastructure. 

 Be able to read scientific literature and write short summaries on their results.